In this article Pieter Prinsloo highlights the benefits of using Directional Antennas in Semi-Urban environments using a US customer case study. It explains how aligning the POYNTING XPOL-2-5G antenna can improve signal strength and highlights guidelines to follow when installing these antennas.
This article uses a US based customer’s situation to show the importance of Directional Antennas in a semi-urban environment. Pieter takes the actual tower and residence locations and shows how changing the alignment of the POYNTING XPOL-2-5G antenna can make a significant difference in your signal strength.
UNI-Directional Antennas, works very well in semi-urban areas where distances between Mobile Network Operator’s (MNO) Base Stations tend to be large and sparsely populated. There are however a few guidelines, as far as installing Directional Antennas are concerned, that are important to remember.
POYNTING Antennas designs and manufactures two main types of Antennas for the LTE, 4G and 5G deployment.
These Antennas are designed mainly for urban areas where multiple Base Stations of a particular MNO (the MNO of your choice) are located, typically within a few hundred yards or meters from the location where the Antenna + the LTE, 4G, 5G Router is to be installed.
The rationale is that the Router which will transmit/receive Signal to/from these Base Stations, will have ample Radio Frequency (RF) Signal from all these Base Stations due to the short distances the RF Signal has to travel.
Typically, the Router will then ‘switch’ between these Base Stations using various techniques employed by MNOs to transmit/receive multiple Signals.
In suburban areas one often finds that the MNO Base Stations are placed further apart, 1000+ yards (1000+ meters), often with dense suburban housing/housing complexes and/or lots of plants/trees; all of which contribute to poor signal quality requiring an Antenna with what is known as ‘High Gain’.
Poor Radio Signal ‘Quality’ can either be:
A Directional Antenna is designed to overcome the limitations of ‘Poor Radio Signal Quality’ by virtue of:
Many suburban areas suffer from the limitations in 2.2 and 3.1 above and therefore a Directional Antenna such as POYNTING’s XPOL-2-5G is an excellent choice for many suburban areas as proven by many installations worldwide.
Let us consider a ‘real life’ scenario – the area and Mobile Network Operator (T-Mobile) are real, the requirement is fictitious but a ‘real life’ scenario, nevertheless.
Figure 1 above depicts a real suburban area in the USA; the rectangles show a suburban residence (greyed out), and the two circles encircle two T-Mobile LTE Base Stations operating on:
Figure 2 shows the distances to these towers from the residence, top left-hand corner.
A word on Directional Antennas:
Knowing which Base Station, provided by your ISP/Mobile Network Operator, will provide the best possible Radio Signal, is extremely important. Without this knowledge endless hours can be wasted trying to achieve good reception and performance!
Consider the (installer) owner knowing that:
Furthermore, looking at Figure 7, one can see that the topographical path is a lot clearer than the challenging situation with the Radio Signal path towards eNodeB ID 889502